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MR. HUMPHREY PUMP stood in front of his inn once more, the cleaned and loaded gun still lay on the table, and the white sign of The Ship still swung in the slight sea breeze over his head; but his leatherish features were knotted over a new problem. He held two letters in his hand, letters of a very different sort, but letters that pointed to the same difficult problem. The first ran:


Im so bothered that I simply must call you by the old name again. You understand Ive got to keep in with my people. Lord Ivywood is a sort of cousin of mine, and for that and some other reasons, my poor old mother would just die if I offended him. You know her heart is weak; you know everything there is to know in this county. Well, I only write to warn you that something is going to be done against your dear old inn. I dont know what this Countrys coming to. Only a month or two ago I saw a shabby old pantaloon on the beach with a green gamp, talking the craziest stuff you ever heard in your life. Three weeks ago I heard he was lecturing at Ethical Societieswhatever they arefor a handsome salary. Well, when I was last at IvywoodI must go because Mamma likes itthere was the living lunatic again, in evening dress, and talked about by people who really know. I mean who know better.

Lord Ivywood is entirely under his influence and thinks him the greatest prophet the world has ever seen. And Lord Ivywood is not a fool; one cant help admiring him. Mamma, I think, wants me to do more than admire him. I am telling you everything, Hump, because I think perhaps this is the last honest letter I shall ever write in the world. And I warn you seriously that Lord Ivywood is sincere, which is perfectly terrible. He will be the biggest English statesman, and he does really mean to ruinthe old ships. If ever you see me here again taking part in such work, I hope you may forgive me.

Somebody we mentioned, whom I shall never see again, I leave to your friendship. It is the second best thing I can give, and I am not sure it may not be better than the first would have been. Goodbye.

J. B.

This letter seemed to distress Mr. Pump rather than puzzle him. It ran as follows:


The Committee of the Imperial Commission of Liquor Control is directed to draw your attention to the fact you have disregarded the Committees communications under section 5A of the Act for the Regulation of Places of Public Entertainment; and that you are now under Section 47C of the Act amending the Act for the Regulation of Places of Public Entertainment aforesaid. The charges on which prosecution will be founded are as follows:

(1) Violation of sub-section 23f of the Act, which enacts that no pictorial signs shall be exhibited before premises of less than the ratable value of 2000 per annum.

(2) Violation of sub-section 113d of the Act, which enacts that no liquor containing alcohol shall be sold in any inn, hotel, tavern or public-house, except when demanded under a medical certificate from one of the doctors licensed by the State Medical Council, or in the specially excepted cases of Claridges Hotel and the Criterion Bar, where urgency has already been proved.

As you have failed to acknowledge previous communications on this subject, this is to warn you that legal steps will be taken immediately,

We are yours truly,

IVYWOOD, President. J. LEVESON, Secretary.

Mr. Humphrey Pump sat down at the table outside his inn and whistled in a way which, combined with his little whiskers made him for the moment seem literally like an ostler. Then, the very real wit and learning he had returned slowly into his face and with his warm, brown eyes he considered the cold, grey sea. There was not much to be got out of the sea. Humphrey Pump might drown himself in the sea; which would be better for Humphrey Pump than being finally separated from The Old Ship. England might be sunk under the sea; which would be better for England than never again having such places as The Old Ship. But these were not serious remedies nor rationally attainable; and Pump could only feel that the sea had simply warped him as it had warped his apple trees. The sea was a dreary business altogether. There was only one figure walking on the sands. It was only when the figure drew nearer and nearer and grew to more than human size, that he sprang to his feet with a cry. Also the level light of morning lit the mans hair, and it was red.

The late King of Ithaca came casually and slowly up the slope of the beach that led to The Old Ship. He had landed in a boat from a battleship that could still be seen near the horizon, and he still wore the astounding uniform of apple-green and silver which he had himself invented as that of a navy that had never existed very much, and which now did not exist at all. He had a straight naval sword at his side; for the terms of his capitulation had never required him to surrender it; and inside the uniform and beside the sword there was what there always had been, a big and rather bewildered man with rough red hair, whose misfortune was that he had good brains, but that his bodily strength and bodily passions were a little too strong for his brains.

He had flung his crashing weight on the chair outside the inn before the innkeeper could find words to express his astounded pleasure in seeing him. His first words were have you got any rum?

Then, as if feeling that his attitude needed explanation, he added, I suppose I shall never be a sailor again after tonight. So I must have rum.

Humphrey Pump had a talent for friendship, and understood his old friend. He went into the inn without a word; and came back idly pushing or rolling with an alternate foot (as if he were playing football with two footballs at once) two objects that rolled very easily. One was a big keg or barrel of rum and the other a great solid drum of a cheese. Among his thousand other technical tricks he had a way of tapping a cask without a tap, or anything that could impair its revolutionary or revolving qualities. He was feeling in his pocket for the instrument with which he solved such questions, when his Irish friend suddenly sat bolt upright, as one startled out of sleep, and spoke with his strongest and most unusual brogue.

Oh thank ye, Hump, a thousand times; and I dont think I really want something to drink at arl. Now I know I can have it, I dont seem to want it at arl. But hwhat I do want and he suddenly dashed his big fist on the little table so that one of its legs leapt and nearly snappedhwhat I do want is some sort of account of whats happening in this England of yours that shant be just obviously rubbish.

Ah, said Pump, fingering the two letters thoughtfully. And what do you mean by rubbish?

I carl it rubbish cried Patrick Dalroy, when ye put the Koran into the Bible and not the Apocrypha; and I carl it rubbish when a mad parsons allowed to propose to put a crescent on St. Pauls Cathedral. I know the Turks are our allies now, but they often were before, and I never heard that Palmerston or Colin Campbell had any truck with such trash.

Lord Ivywood is very enthusiastic, I know, said Pump, with a restrained amusement. He was saying only the other day at the Flower Show here that the time had come for a full unity between Christianity and Islam.

Something called Chrislam perhaps, said the Irishman, with a moody eye. He was gazing across the grey and purple woodlands that stretched below them at the back of the inn; and into which the steep, white road swept downwards and disappeared. The steep road looked like the beginning of an adventure; and he was an adventurer.

But you exaggerate, you know, went on Pump, polishing his gun, about the crescent on St. Pauls. It wasnt exactly that. What Dr. Moole suggested, I think, was some sort of double emblem, you know, combining cross and crescent.

And carled the Crescent, muttered Dalroy.

And you cant call Dr. Moole a parson either, went on Mr. Humphrey Pump, polishing industriously. Why, they say hes a sort of atheist, or what they call an agnostic, like Squire Brunton who used to bite elm trees by Marley. The grand folks have these fashions, Captain, but theyve never lasted long that I know of.

I think its serious this time, said his friend, shaking his big red head. This is the last inn on this coast, and will soon be the last inn in England. Do you remember the Saracens Head in Plumsea, along the shore there?

I know, assented the innkeeper. My aunt was there when he hanged his mother; but its a charming place.

I passed there just now; and it has been destroyed, said Dalroy.

Destroyed by fire? asked Pump, pausing in his gun-scrubbing.

No, said Dalroy, destroyed by lemonade. Theyve taken away its license or whatever you call it. I made a song about it, which Ill sing to you now! And with an astounding air of suddenly revived spirits, he roared in a voice like thunder the following verses, to a simple but spirited tune of his own invention:

The Saracens Head looks down the lane,

Where we shall never drink wine again;

For the wicked old Women who feel well-bred

Have turned to a tea-shop the Saracens Head.

The Saracens Head out of Araby came,

King Richard riding in arms like flame,

And where he established his folk to be fed

He set up his spearand the Saracens Head.

But the Saracens Head outlived the Kings,

It thought and it thought of most horrible things;

Of Health and of Soap and of Standard Bread,

And of Saracen drinks at the Saracens Head.

Hullo! cried Pump, with another low whistle. Why here comes his lordship. And I suppose that young man in the goggles is a Committee or something.

Let him come, said Dalroy, and continued in a yet more earthquake bellow:

So the Saracens Head fulfils its name,

They drink no winea ridiculous game

And I shall wonder until Im dead,

How it ever came into the Saracens Head.

As the last echo of this lyrical roar rolled away among the apple-trees, and down the steep, white road into the woods, Captain Dalroy leaned back in his chair and nodded good humouredly to Lord Ivywood, who was standing on the lawn with his usual cold air, but with slightly compressed lips. Behind him was a dark young man with double eyeglasses and a number of printed papers in his hand; presumably J. Leveson, Secretary. In the road outside stood a group of three which struck Pump as strangely incongruous, like a group in a three act farce. The first was a police inspector in uniform; the second was a workman in a leather apron, more or less like a carpenter, and the third was an old man in a scarlet Turkish fez, but otherwise dressed in very fashionable English clothes in which he did not seem very comfortable. He was explaining something about the inn to the policeman and the carpenter, who appeared to be restraining their amusement.

Fine song that, my lord, said Dalroy, with cheerful egotism. Ill sing you another, and he cleared his throat.

Mr. Pump, said Lord Ivywood, in his bell-like and beautiful voice, I thought I would come in person, if only to make it clear that every indulgence has been shown you. The mere date of this inn brings it within the statute of 1909; it was erected when my great grandfather was Lord of the Manor here, though I believe it then bore a different name, and

Ah, my lord, broke in Pump with a sigh, Id rather deal with your great grandfather, I would, though he married a hundred negresses instead of one, than see a gentleman of your family taking away a poor mans livelihood.

The act is specially designed in the interests of the relief of poverty, proceeded Lord Ivywood, in an unruffled manner, and its final advantages will accrue to all citizens alike. He turned for an instant to the dark secretary, saying, You have that second report? and received a folded paper in answer.

It is here fully explained, said Lord Ivywood, putting on his elderly eyeglasses, that the purpose of the Act is largely to protect the savings of the more humble and necessitous classes. I find in paragraph three, we strongly advise that the deleterious element of alcohol be made illegal save in such few places as the Government may specially exempt for Parliamentary or other public reasons, and that the provocative and demoralising display on inn signs be strictly forbidden except in the cases thus specially exempted: the absence of such temptations will, in our opinion, do much to improve the precarious financial conditions of the working class. That disposes, I think, of any such suggestion as Mr. Pumps, that our inevitable acts of social reform are in any sense oppressive. To Mr. Pumps prejudice it may appear for the moment to bear hardly upon him; but (and here Lord Ivywoods voice took one of its moving oratorical turns), what better proof could we desire of the insidiousness of the sleepy poison we denounce, what better evidence could we offer of the civic corruption that we seek to cure, than the very fact that good and worthy men of established repute in the county can, by living in such places as these, become so stagnant and sodden and unsocial, whether through the fumes of wine or through meditations as maudlin about the past, that they consider the case solely as their own case, and laugh at the long agony of the poor.

Captain Dalroy had been studying Ivywood with a very bright blue eye; and he spoke now much more quietly than he generally did.

Excuse me one moment, my lord, he said. But there was one point in your important explanation which I am not sure I have got right. Do I understand you to say that, though sign-boards are to be generally abolished, yet where, if anywhere, they are retained, the right to sell fermented liquor will be retained also? In other words, though an Englishman may at last find only one inn-sign left in England, yet if the place has an inn-sign, it will also have your gracious permission to be really an inn?

Lord Ivywood had an admirable command of temper, which had helped him much in his career as a statesman. He did not waste time in wrangling about the Captains locus standi in the matter. He replied quite simply,

Yes, Your statement of the facts is correct.

Whenever I find an inn-sign permitted by the police, I may go in and ask for a glass of beeralso permitted by the police.

If you find any such, yes, answered Ivywood, quite temperately. But we hope soon to have removed them altogether.

Captain Patrick Dalroy rose enormously from his seat with a sort of stretch and yawn.

Well, Hump, he said to his friend, the best thing, it seems to me, is to take the important things with us.

With two sight-staggering kicks he sent the keg of rum and the round cheese flying over the fence, in such a direction that they bounded on the descending road and rolled more and more rapidly down toward the dark woods into which the path disappeared. Then he gripped the pole of the inn-sign, shook it twice and plucked it out of the turf like a tuft of grass.

It had all happened before anyone could move, but as he strode out into the road the policeman ran forward. Dalroy smote him flat across face and chest with the wooden sign-board, so as to send him flying into the ditch on the other side of the road. Then turning on the man in the fez he poked him with the end of the pole so sharply in his new white waistcoat and watch-chain as to cause him to sit down suddenly in the road, looking very serious and thoughtful.

The dark secretary made a movement of rescue, but Humphrey Pump, with a cry, caught up his gun from the table and pointed it at him, which so alarmed J. Leveson, Secretary, as to cause him almost to double up with his emotions. The next moment Pump, with his gun under his arm, was scampering down the hill after the Captain, who was scampering after the barrel and the cheese.

Before the policeman had struggled out of the ditch, they had all disappeared into the darkness of the forest. Lord Ivywood who had remained firm through the scene, without a sign of fear or impatience (or, I will add, amusement), held up his hand and stopped the policeman in his pursuit.

We should only make ourselves and the law ridiculous, he said, by pursuing those ludicrous rowdies now. They cant escape or do any real harm in the state of modern communications. What is far more important, gentlemen, is to destroy their stores and their base. Under the Act of 1911 we have a right to confiscate and destroy any property in an inn where the law has been violated.

And he stood for hours on the lawn, watching the smashing of bottles and the breaking up of casks and feeding on fanatical pleasure: the pleasure his strange, cold, courageous nature could not get from food or wine or woman.