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Ackerknecht, E. H. Elisha Bartlett and the Philosophy of the Paris Clinical School. Bull. Hist. Med. 24: 4360 (1950).

-. Medicine at the Paris Hospital, 17941848. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1967.

Alcock, J. R. Medical Guide to Paris-A Description of the Principal Hospitals of Paris. London: Burgess & Hill, 1828.

Bedford, E. Cardiology in the Days of Laennec. Brit. Ht. J. 34: 11931198 (1972).

Bishop, P. J. Evolution of the Stethoscope. J. Roy. Soc. Med. 73: 448456 (1980).

-. Reception of the Stethoscope and Laennecs Book. Thorax 36: 487492 (1981).

Cawadias, A. P. Corvisart and His Role in the History of Clinical Science and of the Art of Medicine. In E. A, Underwood, ed., Science Medicine and History, vol. 2. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1953.

Corvisart, J. N. An Essay on the Organic Diseases and Lesions of the Heart and Great Vessels. Trans. by J. Gates. Boston, 1812. (Includes Auenbruggers On Percussion of the Chest, 1761.)

Coues, W. P. Laermec, the Man-17811826. Boston Med. Surg. J. 195: 208217 (1926).

Fessel, W. J. The Nature of Illness and Diagnosis. Am. J Med. 75: 555560 (1983).

Hale-White, W. Selected Passages from De lAuscultation Mediate, with a Biography. London: John Bale, Sons & Danielsson, 1923.

Hooke, R. The Method of Improving Natural Philosophy, The Posthumous Works of Robert Hooke, ed. by Richard Waller. London: Samuel Smith and Richard Walford, 1705. (Sources of Science Series, No. 73, London, Johnson Reprint Co.)

Jarcho, S. Auenbrugger, Laennec, and John Keats. Med. Hist. 5: 167172 (1961).

-. An Early Review of Laennecs Treatise. Am. J Cardiol. 9: 962969 (1961).

Jones, R. M. The Parisian Education of an American Surgeon. Philadelphia: Am. Phil. Soc., 1978.

Keele, K. D. The Evolution of Clinical Methods in Medicine. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas, 1963.

Kervran, R. Laennec, His Life and Times. Oxford: Pergamon, 1960.

Laennec, R. T. H. A Treatise on Diseases of the Chest. Trans. by J. Forbes. London: Underwood, 1821. (Birmingham: Classics of Medicine Lib., 1979)

Lee, E. Observations on the Principal Medical Institutions and Practice of France, Italy and Germany. Philadelphia: Haswell, Barrington, & Haswell, 1837.

Le Fanu, W. R. Laennec and Matthew Baillie. Ann. Roy. Coll. Surg. 36: 6768 (1965).

Mann, R. J., and Mann, F. D. Laennec as a Critical Pathologist. J Hist. Med. 36: 446454 (1981).

Maulitz, R. C. Channel Crossing: The Lure of French Pathology for English Medical Students, 18161836. Bull. Hist. Med. 55: 475496 (19811).

-. Morbid Appearances, The Anatomy of Pathology in the Early Nineteenth Century. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1987.

Norwood, W. F. Medical Education and the Rise of Hospitals. J.A.M.A. 186: 10081012 (1963).

Osler, W. The Young Laennec. Can. Med. Ass. J. 3: 137141 (1913).

Reiser, S. J. Medicine and the Reign of Technology. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1978.

Sakula, A. Laennecs Influence on Some British Physicians in the Nineteenth Century. J. Roy. Soc. Med. 74: 759767 (1981).

Segall, H. N. Cardiovascular Sounds and the Stethoscope, 18162016. Canad. Med. Ass. J. 88: 308318 (1963).

Stewart, F. C. The Hospitals and Surgeons of Paris. New York: J. & H. G. Langley, 1843.

Thayer, W. S. On Some Unpublished Letters of Laennec. Johns Hopkins Hosp. Bull. 31: 425435 (1920).

Webb, G. B. Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec. Ann. Med. Hist. 9: 2759 (1927).

-. Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec: A Memoir. New York: Paul B. Hoeber, 1928.

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